According to World Health Organisation (WHO) each year about 700000 people die are killed by violence and in armed conflicts around the world and the victims are mostly the innocent civilians. In Pakistan, the internal armed conflicts, since the 9/11 tragedy has not only claimed thousands of precious lives but has greatly retarded the social, economical and political development in the country. Today, the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province with the adjoining tribal areas are among the most troubled areas in the world these days.

The situation in Afghanistan since the Russian invasion and the prolonged war has had a major impact on the arms situation in Pakistan. Today small arms are easily available in local markets and thus are a source of frequent violence and crimes.  These arms are frequently used in robberies, honor killings, murders, kidnapping and other personal rivalries and rivalries among different tribes.  Development initiatives are greatly restricted in these areas because of the security situation. Lack of infrastructure, health and education facilities, employment opportunities and abject poverty of the people are greatly due to the presenceof small arms in Pakistan.

Unfortunately, in Pakistan, a very limited research is available on peacebuilding, conflict analysis, prevention and resolution. Capacity building in these areas is vital to impart awareness and skills to both government and non governmental organisation to assist them to anticipate and respond to crises, to work effectively in conflict situations and to increase their ability to defuse tension and address the root causes of conflicts in the society. APDR plays a role in preventing the escalation of conflict to violence in the communities through its community peace building programmes, lobbying governments to establish and strengthen mechanisms for preventing the outbreak of violent conflicts through institutions building and good governance. APDR emphasizes on the importance of partnership working among the government bodies, non governmental organisations, and private and civil society organisations for the prevention of armed conflicts. APDR through its peace research and conflict analysis will feed into policies and strategies aimed at preventing conflicts. At APDR Our long term aim is to empower organisations working in the fields of conflict prevention and human security to contain current conflicts and prevent potential conflicts through knowledge sharing, the development and implementation of innovative conflict preventionapproaches, and the mobilization of civil society organizations.

At present APDR focuses on the eradication of small arms, light weapons and cluster munitions by creating mass awareness and encourage the people to discourage the illegal production, transfer of arms. APDR efforts will contribute to the global aspirations for peace, tolerance and security by taking concrete steps towards de-weaponization.